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characteristics of unamplified musical instrument and human voice

  Audible frequency range of musical instruments and the human voice.

The frequency refers to fundamental tones only. To give an extreme example a massive church bell such as 'Big Ben' will produce low frequencies you can feel in your gut and yet the harmonics will go way beyond the range of human hearing.

instrument frequency range of basic tones (Hz) delay of frequency (ms)
from to
concert piano 27.50 4,186.00  
bass tuba 43.65 349.23  
double bass 41.20 246.94 100-200
cello 65.41 987.77 60-100
viola 130.81 1,174.00 30-60
violin 196.00 3,136.00 30-60
clarinet 164.81 1,567.00  
flute 261.63 3,349.30 50
french horn 110.00 880.00  
trombone 82.41 493.88  
trumpet 164.81 987.77  
guitar 82.41 880.00  

Human voice
These are the ranges demanded in classical opera, hence the decimal point accuracy...

type of voice frequency range Hz
from to
Bass 87.31 349.23
Baritone 98.00 392.00
Tenor 130 493.88
Contralto 130.81 698.46
Soprano 246.94 1,174.70